This page outlines what a non-disclosure agreement or confidentiality clause may include, and what your rights are.
You may be asked to sign a confidentiality agreement before starting a project, to stop business secrets and sensitive information from becoming public.
Confidentiality clauses, sometimes called "NDAs", are also often contained in settlement agreements. These agreements allow the employer and worker to resolve a dispute confidentially without going to a tribunal or court.
As confidentiality agreements place legal restrictions on you it's best to get independent legal advice before signing them. You can find a solicitor who will advise you on whether you should sign the agreement being offered and what it should contain.
Employers may provide funds to workers to get independent legal advice as it is in their interests that you fully understand what you are agreeing to.
If after signing a confidentiality agreement you are unhappy with the terms contact a solicitor to see what your options are.
A good confidentiality agreement meets the needs of both parties. It's important that you understand what you are agreeing to and what rights you cannot be asked to opt out of.
If you have concerns, raise them before signing the agreement. You cannot be forced to agree confidentiality arrangements if you do not accept the terms on offer.
Any confidentiality agreement must work for you in the future. This means knowing:
Confidentiality clauses are not legally binding if they try to stop you talking to the police or a regulator about issues between you and your employer or someone at work.
An agreement may not be legally binding if you are not given reasonable time to think about the confidentiality clauses and/or to get independent legal advice.
You should always ask for a copy of the agreement, so you have a record of what has been agreed.
Confidentiality clauses cannot be used to stop whistleblowing in the public interest. Please be aware that whistleblowing law is complicated, and a solicitor can advise on each case. Protect, a charity that encourages safe whistleblowing, can also offer advice.
Download our leaflet on non-disclosure agreements (PDF 112 KB)
Find a solicitor
ACAS (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service)
Provides support and services for employers and employees to help prevent or resolve workplace problems.
Helpline: 0300 123 1100
Monday to Friday: 8am to 6pm
Aims to stop harm by encouraging safe whistleblowing.
If you are a member of a trade union, you can get support from their lawyer.