Criminal prosecutions of victims of trafficking

The number of adults and children illegally trafficked to, and within, the UK has risen significantly in recent years.

You may encounter possible victims of trafficking who have entered the criminal justice system because they have committed an alleged offence as a consequence of being a victim of trafficking, slavery or exploitation.

This practice note outlines the main provisions of the relevant international conventions, Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) guidance and the Modern Slavery Act 2015. It also outlines your duty to enquire and, if necessary, investigate further any claim that an individual is a victim of trafficking.

This practice note is the Law Society's view of good practice in this area, and is not legal advice. For more information, see the legal status.