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The president of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Abdel Fatteh el-Sisi.
We’re very concerned about the many arrests, detentions and interrogations of lawyers and human rights defenders in Egypt since April 2016.
We’re especially concerned about the welfare of Malek Adly, head of the lawyers’ network at the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR).
We understand that Mr Adly was arrested by security forces on 5 May 2016 and interrogated for several hours. A judge ordered his detention after his interrogation.
Mr Adly has been detained ever since, pending an investigation into criminal charges of:
Mr Adly has been held in solitary confinement for nearly two months.
His health is steadily in decline as a result of the inhumane conditions of his imprisonment. He urgently needs access to appropriate medical care.
We understand that a lawsuit was filed to improve his conditions in detention, but that his case will not be heard until 5 September 2016.
We believe that his detention cannot continue under these conditions.
We’re also concerned for Negad El-Borai, head of the legal unit at United Group for Law. Mr El-Borai is a founder and president of the Group for Democratic Development and secretary general of the Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights.
Since May 2015, Mr El-Borai has been repeatedly summoned to be interrogated by a judge.
We understand that on 3 March 2016 Mr El-Borai was arrested, released and charged with:
These charges relate to his work on the drafting of an anti-torture law that aims to bring Egyptian domestic law in line with the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
These cases illustrate the crackdown on civil society and the criminalisation of work relating to anti-torture legislation in Egypt.
We’re greatly concerned, as there has been an increase in reported cases of torture, deaths in detention and disappearances of lawyers and human rights defenders in Egypt.
We asked the relevant Egyptian authorities to:
March 2015 – Mr Adly takes part in a peaceful protest outside the Office of the General Prosecutor in Cairo against the alleged torture of their colleague, Karim Hamdy
April 2015 – Mr Adly and five other lawyers were summoned for interrogation in connection with the peaceful protest
May 2015 – Mr El-Borai has been repeatedly summoned to appear before a judge to be interrogated
March 2016 – Mr El-Borai was arrested, released and charged
May 2016 – Mr Adly was arrested, interrogated and detained pending investigation